Bed Bug VS Lice

Bed Bug VS Lice. Odds are high that identifying a bug on yourself is not your main concern if you discover one.

However, knowing the difference between bed bugs and lice is critical to determining if you have a pest problem and how to best solve it.

Whether you have lice or bed bugs may seem insignificant, but treatment and control methods differ.


Bed bugs are not thought to transmit illnesses, however the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) consider them a parasite and believe that if signs of bed bugs are seen in one’s home, it necessitates taking action to eliminate the issue and maybe incur loss of property.

Lice are a bit different, however. The head louse, the body louse, and the crab or pubic louse are the three most common types of lice in the United States. Body lice are the only kind of lice that spreads diseases. Louse-borne relapsing fever, trench fever, and louse-borne or epidemic typhus have all been known to spread among them.

Bed bug vs lice


Bed bugs vs lice, which are only found on the head, can be found in furniture or where a human sleeps. Mattresses, box springs, bed frames, headboards, couches, and other products are all home to these little insects. They bite people and create itchy bug bites in the process.

Through: bedbugs often enter a house unnoticed.

-Used beds and couches,
-Other household items.

Bedbugs bite people during the night and prefer to live in mattresses, box springs, bed frames, and headboards.

Bedbugs are becoming a growing concern all around the globe, and they may soon be a major one.


What are lice?

Head lice have a parasitic lifecycle that involves human head hair. Hugging is one example of how they’re transmitted.

They also bite, although the itching bites will be confined to the scalp. Nits should be visible on the head hair by the time itching starts. Lice that live on humans fall into three categories:

Pediculus humanus capitis (head louse).
Body louse, clothes louse: Pediculus humanus corporis
Pthirus pubis (“crab” louse, pubic louse).

Lice that spread illness are known as body lice.

The kind of lice that affect people is not the same as sea lice. Little parasites that infect fish are known as sea lice, which is a misnomer.


Brownish to reddish in color and with a flat, apple seed-sized body that grows after feeding, adult bed bugs are brownish to reddish.

The baby bed bugs, or nymphs, practically resemble lice in their translucent and tiny nature when contrasted to photos of lice.


Since you can view the blood inside head lice after feeding, they are transparent but may appear brown.

The main way to distinguish between bedbugs and lice is to investigate their position and other indications, such as nits, because adult lice resemble baby bed bugs.

What causes bedbug and lice infestations?

Bedbugs are tiny, and they can be found all over the globe during travel.

Hotels, dorm rooms, and other forms of lodging may be infested with bedbugs.

Bedbugs may be found in bags, overnight bags, folded clothing, bedding, furniture, and other places.

Direct touch with an infected person, as well as sharing garments or bed linens with an infected person, may transmit lice.

Can bedbug or lice infestations be hazardous? Are they capable of transmitting diseases to you?

Bites from bedbugs or head lice are seldom deadly. They are not considered a health concern and do not spread illness, with the exception of body lice.

Bites from both bedbugs and lice may itch a lot, and scratching them might cause sores that could become diseased. If you think you’ve been bitten by bedbugs or lice, always see a doctor.

It’s often beneficial to notify your kid’s school so they can take appropriate measures to avoid the lice from spreading to other pupils since lice spread quickly in schools.

Epidemic typhus, trench fever, and louse-borne relapsing fever are just a few of the illnesses that can be spread by body lice.

In more industrialized nations, these illnesses are uncommon, but they may be a issue in regions with chronic poverty and people living in unsanitary circumstances.
The problem of bedbugs has become increasingly widespread, and it is returning.



Bed bugs are typically discovered in beds, mattresses, around beds, and in the seams and corners of walls, furniture, and other items. If someone has recently traveled from an infected region, they might be found in luggage or clothing.

Lice, on the other hand, are almost completely reliant on the host. The eggs of head lice are commonly found at the nape of the neck or behind the ears, where they attach to hairs at the base of the scalp. Clothing-borne body lice attach to their host only when they require a blood meal. Where there is coarser hair on the body, pubic lice can be found.

A complete cleaning and sanitation of all items and individuals in a dwelling may be sufficient to suppress the spread of minor body lice or bed bug infestations. However, when you don’t have to, why take a risk?

Contact the specialists to identify your issue, whether it’s lice or bed bugs. Call today for your free bed bug inspection with Terminix®, which has more than 85 years of experience dealing with pest-related problems.

Are Those Lice or Bed Bugs?

Bed bug and lice infestations may appear similar because they’re both little parasitic insects that feed on human blood. These pests, on the other hand, necessitate distinct strategies of treatment.

Before coming up with a plan of action, it’s important to know whether the pest problem is caused by lice or bed bugs.

Keep the following in mind when differentiating between bed bugs vs. lice:

Bed bugs, about a quarter of an inch in length, are larger than lice. Lice, on the other hand, are just an eighth of an inch long. Bed bugs are brownish-red or mahogany colored, whereas lice are somewhat light whitish or gray, which is a significant contrast.

Shape: While bed bugs have flat, oval bodies, lice are oblong.

The head lice, the most prevalent sort of home infestation, lives on the human scalp. Can bed bugs survive in hair, too, as many people wonder?

Bed bugs are less likely to be found in hair than other places on the body, despite the fact that they bite. Instead, after taking a blood meal, a bed bug hides in a hiding place like the seam of a mattress.

While they may be dislodged by scratching the scalp or removed via a haircutting or trimming procedure, head lice will stay on their host.



Spreadting head lice is more difficult than spreading bed bugs. When head lice are transported to a new area on a head, they end up in new areas.

They do not, however, usually move to the new location and stay on that one. Bed bugs may be transported to new places, however they usually hitch rides on bags rather than people.

Bed bugs seek out a hiding spot and a new host to feed on at night when they are discovered in a new area. Bed bugs will walk on their own six legs to infest new places, in addition to being carried to new locations.

What Are the Similarities?

Bed bugs and lice have a lot of differences, but they also share some traits. The following are the five options:

They’re both ectoparasites, which means they live outside the host and are not parasitic on the inside. They’re like fleas in that regard.

Both feed on blood.

As they feed, both expand their abdomen to allow for even more feeding.

In other words, they’re both insects in the Insecta class.

Both have six legs.

Body shape and structure are the most common features. Both bugs appear to be very similar when viewed through a microscope.

They have segmented laterally tapering abdomens. The abdomens of both bugs are broad, but they both have a tapered end.

Their thorax and abdomen are both considerably bigger than their tiny heads. Although the location of their legs is different, each has six legs.

What are the differences and similarities in the signs and symptoms of bedbug vs. lice bites?

Signs and symptoms of bedbug bites:

Bed bug indicators include the following:

Bug bites may be found on any part of the body, most often on the arms and legs in a string-of-pearls pattern.
On sheets, mattresses, and other furniture, brown debris or stains;
Musty odors.

When traveling, be alert for bed bugs. Bed bugs can survive for a long time without feeding on a person, so professional treatment is required.

Signs and symptoms of head lice:

Head lice symptoms include:

Head lice and bed bugs have distinct signs. It all comes down to where you are: if you have lice or bed bugs, they’ll be in a different location.

Movement on the scalp causes ticklish sensations that are worse at night, which causes sleepiness and crankiness.
Itchy sores or rash that affect just the scalp and do not elsewhere;
Little, transparent, solid eggs have become adhered to the hairs around the scalp.


What natural home remedies treat itching from bedbug and lice bites?

Bed bug and lice bites are treated with natural home remedies that relieve itching but do not eliminate the infestation.

It is necessary to cure the infestation. Bites from bedbugs or lice can result in sores and infections if you scratch them excessively. If you think you’ve been bitten by bed bugs or lice, see a dermatologist.

To relieve itching caused by bedbug or lice bites, natural home remedies include:

oroughly wash the region with soap and water.

On the afflicted region, use an ice pack (never place ice on the skin).

Mix 1/3 cup water with 1 teaspoon baking soda. After 10 minutes, rinse the area with clean water to remove the paste. You may repeat it as often as necessary.

Apply dab lemon juice to the infected region (avoid sun exposure because lemon juice might make the skin sensitive).

Wet a cotton ball in witch hazel and apply it to the afflicted region for 10 minutes.

Apply aloe vera gel to the bites.

The bites may be treated with apple cider vinegar.

Mix oatmeal with water to make a smooth paste. Let it sit for 20 to 30 minutes in the afflicted region. Use water to rinse off the soap. Keep going for a few days. Or, in the bathtub filled with warm water, add 1/2 cup of colloidal oatmeal to make an oatmeal bath. For 10 to 15 minutes, soak.

Apply a cucumber slice to the afflicted region for 20 to 30 minutes.
Tea bags that are moist and chilly may help with the discomfort. Let the moistened tea bag sit on the painful region for 15 minutes in the fridge to cool.

Can bedbugs be mistaken for lice?

It’s difficult to mistake a bedbug for a lice.

Lice live on the body of an infected person, while bedbugs are typically discovered in caches such as mattress seams.

Lice are about the size of a sesame seed, whereas bedbugs are larger than lice, about the size of an apple seed.

Lice have a more oblong shape, whereas bedbugs have flat, oval bodies.

Brown bedbugs contrast with transparent, white, or yellow lice.

Lice will turn brown once they are full of blood.

Lice do not have an odor, but bedbugs do. They leave a stinky, musty fragrance.

Bedbug and lice bites are treated with what medications, shampoos, and other products?

Bedbug bite treatment

There are no medications or shampoos to treat bedbugs because they infest things like mattresses and furniture. Pesticides may be used to treat an infestation.

Lice bite treatment

Over-the-counter (OTC) and prescription shampoos and drugs may be used to treat lice.

Lice medications available over the counter (OTC) include:

-Piperonyl butoxide (A–200, Pronto, R&C, Rid, and Triple X) is a combination of piperonyltrichol and -piperonylbutoxide.
-permethrin lotion, 1% (Nix).

Head lice medications available include:

-malathion lotion, 0.5% (Ovide),
-spinosad 0.9% topical suspension (Natroba),
-lindane shampoo 1%.
-benzyl alcohol lotion, 5% (Ulesfia lotion),
-ivermectin lotion, 0.5% (Sklice),



You must kill the lice and their eggs (nits) on the individual they are infecting in order to manage head lice. This is often followed by vigorous combing and shampooing with a pesticidal shampoo.

Since head lice don’t roam and crawl around, there’s no need for treatment of the premises.

Bed bug treatment, on the other hand, does not treat the host (although it may treat the host’s bed). Bed bugs are eliminated by using insecticide to spray into seams and niches where they hide in bed frames and other tight spaces.

Certain non-insecticidal treatments, such as heat or freezing treatments, steam treatment, and specialized vacuuming, may also be used to kill them.

The head lice control function of a pest control firm is advisory. Parents and school authorities must work together to control head lice, with the help of medical professionals.

Bed bugs, on the other hand, are not a situation that should be handled by parents or schools. The management aspect must be handled by a professional exterminator, with school officials doing their part to avoid bed bug introduction and transmission.

Scabies, bed bugs, and lice

Just the names scabies, lice, and bed bugs may cause you to itch. Yet, these typical creepy crawlies may be healed and avoided by giving some suggestions to patients and families.

A mite burrowing into the top layer of the skin creates a little elevated tunnel, which is an infestation of the skin called scabies.

Skin touch or sharing bedding, clothes, or other linens with a person who has scabies transmit the mite from one individual to another.

From the time of initial contact through the completion of all treatment, scabies may be spread. People who have symptoms should be evaluated and treated by their doctor as soon as possible.

Itchy rash, which is most often seen at night, is the most prevalent symptom. Hands, wrists, elbows, breasts, armpits, waistline, and groin are all common places for it to appear on the body. Itchyness may not occur in the elderly, people in institutions, or people with compromised immune systems.

Lice do not transmit illnesses and are not usually spread through touch with clothes (such as hats, scarves, coats) or other personal items (combs, brushes, or towels). Lice cannot be transmitted by touch.

The presence of a live adult louse on the scalp or hair of a person is the best way to diagnose head lice infestation.

Adult lice are tiny, move quickly, and avoid light, making them difficult to locate. Finding live lice with the help of a magnifying glass and a fine-toothed comb.

Over-the-counter insecticide, cream, or prescription medicated shampoo are all options for treating lice. Everyone who live with the infected person should be examined, as well as any of his or her close association.

All infected people and their bedmates should be treated at the same time. A strain of resistant mutant lice has recently been discovered in 25 US states by researchers.

Bed bugs are small, flattened insects with no wings that feed solely on the blood of people and other warm-blooded animals at night. The saliva of bed bugs causes severe itching, but they do not transmit illness.

Bed bugs may live for many months without feeding and establish nests in cracks, seams, bed frames, and mattresses. They may creep into nooks and crannies, such as headboards, baseboards, mattress seams, and trash cans.

Little flecks of blood on bed sheets or pillows are common signs of bedbugs; they were crushed, which causes them to leak. In addition, bed bug infestations give off a scent.