How To Get Rid Of Bed Bugs. Bedbugs are barely 5 millimeters long, smaller than a pencil eraser. These insects are cunning and tough, and they have a high reproduction rate.
Bedbugs may survive for months between feedings by hiding in places where they are unlikely to be found.
It’s no surprise that tiny bloodsuckers can cause a lot of problems in your house. They might leave red, itchy welts all over your body if they get into bed with you.
What are Bed Bugs?
Bed bugs (scientific name cimex lectularius) are tiny, flat, invasive creatures that require only the blood of sleeping people and animals for survival.
Want to know how to identify bed bugs?
These unattractive red-brown insects range in size from 1mm to 7mm. Although they need blood to survive, they can go many months without eating.
You may get a serious infestation in only weeks if a healthy female bed bug can produce 500 eggs throughout her lifetime.
Where Bed Bugs Hide
Un Noticed infestations of bedbugs can happen via baggage, clothes, used mattresses and furniture. They can squeeze into narrow areas, about as wide as a credit card, because to their flattened bodies.
Bedbugs prefer to live in groups in secret locations and do not have nests like ants or bees.
Mattresses, box springs, bed frames, and headboards are often their first hiding places, since they have easy access to bite people in the night.
Nonetheless, they may wander about the bedroom at random, seeking out any corner or safe spot. They may eventually spread throughout the building as well.
Bedbugs don’t indicate that your home is dirty because they only feed on blood. They’re just as likely to be found in clean ones as they are in filthy ones.
What Attracts Bed Bugs to Your Home?
Bed bugs are thought to be attracted to filth by many individuals. As a result, numerous individuals think that sleeping at a low-cost motel is the fastest way to get bed bugs.
Yet, as it turns out, that’s a widespread error.
Dirt or decay does not attract bed bugs. They can actually live in any habitat, as long as they have access to one thing: the one thing they need to live:
Bed bugs can’t fly or live on their hosts, unlike mosquitoes and ticks, which are also blood-eating insects. Instead, they must lurk near their food source, hoping for a meal to present itself.
Bed bugs are extremely flexible as a result. They may dwell anywhere from a sofa’s cushions to a library’s carpet, as long as they get normal blood meals.
That’s why you have bed bugs in your apartment!
With that in mind, here are a few main causes of bed bugs:
Buying used furniture and moving it into your house. Luggage, purses, backpacks, worn couches, and other objects may all bring bed bugs into your space.
In a multi-unit setting, cross-contamination is a concern. At Apartment complexes and hotels, bed bugs may move between rooms.
A hotel, resort, or hostel might be contaminated. Clothing or baggage can be infested with bed bugs, and you may bring them home.
There are new guests in your house. Guests may arrive at your home without realizing that they have brought bed bugs with them.
When Bedbugs Bite
Bedbugs are most active at night and bite their victims while they are sleeping. They pierce the skin and suck blood through an extended beak, which they use to feed.
After three to ten minutes of feeding, the insects are engorged, and then go unnoticed.
Bedbug bites may initially be painless, but soon develop into itchy welts. Bedbug bites are anyplace on the skin visible while sleeping, unlike flea bites, which are mostly about the ankles. Also, unlike flea bites, the bites do not have a red center.
Bedbugs don’t always cause itching and welts, so it’s possible that others, such as mosquitoes, are to blame. You must locate and identify the bedbugs themselves in order to confirm their bites.
Signs of Infestation
You might have bedbugs if you wake up with itchy spots that you didn’t have before going to sleep, particularly if you acquired a used mattress or other furniture about the time the infestations started. Any of the following are signs that you have bedbugs:
On your sheets and pillowcases, there are blood stains.
Bedbug excrement patches on sheets and mattresses, bedding, and walls are dark or rusty in color.
In locations where bedbugs hide, they leave fecal smears, egg shells, or discarded skins.
The bugs’ scent glands produce an offensive musty odor.
Remove all bedding and inspect it thoroughly for evidence of the bugs or their excrement if you believe you have an infestation.
Inspect the seams in the wood framework after removing the dust cover over the bottom of the box springs. Where the fabric is stapled to the wood frame, Peel it back.
Also look for places near the bed, such as inside books, telephones, or radios; the carpet’s edge; and even electrical outlets. Bedbugs can attach to clothing, so check your closet. Call an exterminator if you aren’t sure of the signs of bedbugs. They’ll know what to look for.
Begin taking measures to eliminate the insects and prevent their return if you discover evidence of infestation.
How to get rid of bed bugs
Bedbugs may be exterminated. Bedbugs can be difficult to get rid of, so try to be patient. If you have a substantial infestation, you may need to try multiple chemical and nonchemical treatments.
Bedbugs may be more difficult to eliminate due to a variety of conditions. If you have a lot of clutter or travel frequently and bring new bedbugs home in your luggage, it may be difficult to rid your home of them.
You may have to call in a professional exterminator if you can’t get rid of them on your own. For a step-by-step guide on how to get rid of bedbugs, scroll down.
Step 1: Identify infested areas
It’s vital to detect bed bugs before they can reproduce, since they breed quickly. With that in mind, look for indications of bed bugs in the following places:
Your mattress and box spring seams.
Cracks between the headboard and your bed frame.
Along the seams of your sofa and between the cushions.
Where the carpet meets the wall, on the seam of your carpets.
Furniture joints, such as couches, accent chairs, and futons.
Inspection each portion of the room with a flashlight. Live bedbugs, little pale yellow eggs, or tiny dark or rust-colored droppings should all be looked for.
You should also check your nightstand, dresser drawers, and closet if you notice signs of bedbugs in any of these locations.
Step 2: Contain the infestation
You’ll have to keep bedbugs contained until you’ve eliminated them once you’ve discovered them. Using your vacuum to catch bedbugs is a simple and effective method. Run the vacuum over every conceivable hiding spot.
This includes your:
electronics, like TVs.
Throw away the vacuumed contents once they’ve been sealed in a plastic bag. After that, thoroughly clean the vacuum.
Until you can wash your linens and affected garments, seal them all in plastic bags. Then use a washing machine and dryer on the highest temperature setting. Place an item in the dryer for 30 minutes at its highest heat setting if it cannot be washed.
Any items that cannot be washed or dried in the washer and dryer should be wrapped in plastic. If possible, leave it there for a few months to ensure that all the insects die.
Throw away unclean furniture if you can’t clean it. Spray paint the word “bedbugs” on it before tearing it up, so no one else tries to steal it.
Step 3: Prep for bedbug treatment
Do a little homework before starting your home treatment to improve your chances of success. Make sure that all of your linens, carpets, drapes, clothes, and other hiding places have been cleaned or discarded (see step 2).
Next, eliminate bedbug hiding places:
Pick up anything that’s on your floor or in your bed, including books, magazines, and clothes.
Throw everything you can away.
You may spread the insects by transferring items from an infected area to a clean one.
Any gaps should be sealed:
Loose wallpaper should be glued down.
Cracks in furniture and around baseboards are common caulk problems.
As an alternative to using a switch, tape up open electrical outlets.
Finally, so bedbugs can’t climb onto your bed, relocate it at least 6 inches away from the wall.
Step 4: Kill the Bed Bugs
Make sure the procedures you pick are Safe, Effective, and Legal. What’s Legal and What isn’t is a book written by Steven Levitan and Stephen Gandel.
Try not to waste your time on therapies that aren’t effective.
Rubbing alcohol, kerosene, and gasoline are all potentially harmful, and a spark or a cigarette might easily ignite them.
Spider, cockroach, and other insect traps aren’t sticky because they’re for bed bugs; nonetheless, they may work.
To make your own bed bug interceptor traps, read on below.
Think about non-chemical ways to kill bed bugs. Depending on your situation, some might be more useful than others. These and other treatments may be beneficial, but they may not eliminate the problem:
You may utilize a high-heat clothes dryer for heating. In a hot, closed automobile in the sun, you may also utilize black plastic bags, but your climate and other variables must be favorable. Home heat treatments may prove ineffective.
More sophisticated and tested approaches that may treat whole homes with heat are available to pros.
Attempting to exterminate bed bugs by setting your indoor temperature using a thermostat, propane space heater, or fireplace is ineffective and may be harmful.
If the freezer is set to 0o F, cold treatment may be successful in the home environment.
Bed bugs cannot be killed in most home refrigerator freezers. For three days, place the items in a sealed bag in the freezer at 0 degrees. Since home freezers are not always set to 0o, always use a thermometer to check the temperature.
To clean carpets, baseboards, bed frames, and other furniture, steam cleaners (wet or dry) may be used.
Bed bugs will scatter if the steam temperature is less than 130 degrees Fahrenheit and does not contain a forceful breeze. To prevent scattering, use a diffuser.
If pest management is needed, contact a professional or use pesticides according to the label’s instructions:
Look for pesticides that have a bed bug label and are approved by the EPA.
Only use foggers (bug bombs) with extreme caution, and only if they contain the word “bed bugs.” Improper use of a product can cause you to burn or explode, as well as jeopardize your health. Bedd bug control shouldn’t be limited to foggers.
Bed bugs hide in cracks and crevices, so the spray won’t reach them. Should I Use a Fogger? For further information, see the website.
After you’ve completed your first cleaning and management procedures, check for signs of bed bugs every few days. Either the initial cleaning failed to remove any bed bugs or eggs have developed. It may be necessary to have treatment repeated.
Consider using different types of pesticides if repeated treatments are needed.
Since they work by drying out the bug (which means the bed bugs can’t develop resistance), desiccants (chemicals that dry things out) may be particularly effective in some situations. They might, however, take up to a few months to operate.
Only EPA-registered pesticides should be used with desiccants.
Pooled diatomaceous earth isn’t a good idea. When you inhale this form of diatomaceous earth (which is composed from the fossilized traces of diatoms), it may harm you. The diatom size in the pesticide version is different, lowering the danger.
While eliminating bedbugs requires using chemical medicines, cleaning up contaminated places can aid with that. It is vital to employ products that may be safely utilized in bedrooms, despite the fact that using insecticides on your bed and bedroom might be harmful.
Unless the label says that mattresses and bedding may be used on bedding, do not use them.
When it comes to bedbug extermination, using an expert pest control technician is usually the most safe and effective option.
How you can treat bedbug bites
A week or so after being bitten by bedbugs, the itching usually subsides.
Things you can do include:
To help with the itching and any swelling, apply something cold, such as a clean, wet cloth.
avoiding infection by not scratching the bites and keeping the affected region clean.
Bedbug bites may be treated by a pharmacist.
A pharmacist can provide information on the following:
(youngsters under 10 and pregnant women should speak with a doctor before using hydrocortisone cream) antihistamines – they may help if the bites are particularly itchy, and you’re unable to sleep. Mild steroid cream like hydrocortisone cream