Disease from bed bugs. Since the late 1990s, the worldwide population of bed bugs (Cimex lectularius and Cimex hemipterus, family Cimicidae) has rebounded dramatically.
Global travel, commerce, and the number of insecticide-resistant bed bugs are all likely to blame for this increase.
Annual growth of the worldwide bed bug population is predicted to be 100–500%. Bed bugs are a significant socioeconomic burden and a major public health concern, so their global spread is concerning.
Bed bugs are “a pest of considerable health concern,” according to the United States Environmental Protection Agency. Bed bugs are the most difficult pest to manage, according to pest control companies.
Bed bugs have been shown to harbor upwards of 45 different pathogen. Bed bugs, according to recent research, may be competent transmitters of diseases such as Bartonella quintana and Trypanosoma cruzi.
Public health studies, on the other hand, have been unable to show that common infectious illness outbreaks are linked to bed bugs thus far.
It’s worth investigating whether bed bugs might transmit human diseases because several disease germs have previously been documented in bed bugs and the worldwide bed bug population is rapidly expanding.
What Are Bed Bugs
Bedbugs are little, bloodsucking, wingless insects that are reddish-brown in color. In a week or two, the majority of bedbug bites heal without treatment.
Although bedbugs aren’t thought to transmit illness, they may cause an allergic response or a severe skin reaction in some people.
The size of an apple seed, bedbugs are about the size of an apple seed. They sneak out at night to feed on their preferred host, humans, hiding in the cracks and crevices of beds, box springs, headboards, bed frames, and other things.
If you spend time in locations where nighttime visitors come and go frequently, such as hotels, hospitals, or homeless shelters, the chance of running into bedbugs is greater.
Where are bed bugs found?
From North and South America to Africa, Asia, and Europe, bed bugs may be found all over the globe. Bed bug infestations have recently spread rapidly in parts of the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom, and other European countries.
While they have traditionally been seen as a problem in developing nations,
The presence of bed bugs in five-star hotels and resorts is not linked to the cleanliness of the living conditions where they are discovered.
The locations where people sleep are frequently infested with bed bugs. Apartments, shelters, rooming houses, hotels, cruise ships, buses, trains, and dorm rooms are all examples of this type of space.
They hide under mattresses, box springs, bed frames, headboards, dresser tables, behind wallpaper, or any other clutter or objects around a bed during the day in places such as seams of mattresses.
Bed bugs are known to travel up to 100 feet during a night, but they prefer to stay within 8 feet of where people rest.
People complain of bites after they have been sleeping, which is the most obvious sign of bedbugs in the house. Examine the bedrooms for signs of bedbug activity and bedbugs if this occurs.
Bugs or eggs should be found in bed linens, mattress seams, and box spring tufts. Little, light poppy seeds will be the color of the eggs.
Loose areas of wallpaper near beds, in the corner of desks and dressers, in the laundry, and in drawers might all be signs of bedbug activity.
Look out for stains on material and mattresses caused by dark brown or rust-colored bedbug droppings. The liquid excrement of bedbugs is usually light brown or black, and it frequently beads up or is absorbed by the item around it.
Bedbugs produce a coriander-like odor when they are present in large numbers.
What do bed bug bites look like?
A bed bug bite looks like any other insect bite, and it causes discomfort. having more than one bite close together is one surefire sign.
They like to be close to one other while eating, resulting in little red bumps on certain parts of your body. Bed bug bites can be found on any part of your body that was exposed while you were sleeping, unlike flea biting, which are usually concentrated on the ankles.
When their victims are sleeping, most bedbugs feed on them. They do it in a way that causes no discomfort.
They inject a little amount of saliva into the host’s skin while feeding. The person may become more sensitive to their saliva and the chemicals that it contains after they have been fed on by them for many weeks. An allergic reaction might develop in the host.
Biting in rows is common with bedbugs, as it is with fleas. Every row is likely to have two or three bites. The bedbug is likely to return about half an inch further down for its next bite after being interrupted while feeding.
Bites may take anywhere from 14 to 21 days to appear, however they typically emerge within a few days. Bites from bedbugs have a bigger appearance than fleabites, and they don’t usually have a red center. The bites are typically raised and reddish in color.
They can be found on the blood vessel pathways, sometimes in groups of three, and are known as the “breakfast, lunch, and dinner sign.”
The majority of people who are bitten don’t experience any symptoms and may be unaware. As a result, preventing or identifying future infestations becomes more difficult.
Some individuals, on the other hand, may get sick and nauseous. Scratching the bites might cause scars and skin infections, according to a trusted source.
Bedbug bites can cause anaphylaxis in rare circumstances. Asthmatics may get a allergic response from bedbugs, albeit this is uncommon.
Disease transmitted by bed bugs
Bed bugs have been thought to transmit illnesses until recently, but new research has shown that they release histamines, which are harmful. They leave behind feces, which is a mode of transmission of illness among humans.
Trypanosoma cruzi is now the most common illness these insects transmit to humans. When the bite comes into touch with the bed bug fecal material, it isn’t introduced by the bite.
This may lead to Chagas disease, also known as American trypanosomiasis. Chagas disease is a condition that may result in heart failure as well as brain failure and can be dangerous.
A puncture where the bite occurred and an itchy red swelling are the only consequences of being bitten. These apertures allow ailments brought by bed bugs and sores caused by bed bug bites to enter.
Histamine levels in apartments infested with bed bugs may be up to 20 times higher than those in a bug-free one. Household dust has the highest concentration of histamine.
Bed bugs were nearly extinct.
By 1972, the pesticide DDT had been outlawed, causing a comeback of the insect. Bed bugs were effectively controlled. DDT was the most effective insecticide available at the time, and it was used extensively.
However, it was found to be harmful to wildlife and the ecosystem once it was realized.
Since then, the bed bug population has grown at an exponential rate, with our recommendations for bed bug extermination increasing year over year for at least a decade.
Common Health Problems Caused by Bed Bug Bites
If bed bug bites make you sick, is it possible? is a frequent query we get. While each person’s reaction may be different, it’s crucial to be aware of the health concerns and hazards that bed bug infestations can cause for you and your family.
Watch out for these health issue caused by bed bug bites:
Individual responses to bed bug bites vary from person to person, resulting in allergic symptoms. Your family members may exhibit mild to severe allergic responses while you don’t show any symptoms.
*Bed bug bites are frequently linked with this issue. The bites might cause you to have severe itching. Even after many days, bed bugs tend to bite in groups, causing severe itching.
*While bed bugs aren’t known to transmit infections via their bites, severe itching may create open sores.
If left untreated, these wounds have a chance of becoming infected. Impetigo, lymphangitis, and ecthyma are some of the secondary complications that may occur.
*Bed bug bites may cause red patches or blisters on your skin, which may be accompanied by weeping. The itching and phobia associated with bed bug bites may last for several days after they have healed.
*It is very important to be afraid of the bites. Bed bugs can make you feel anxious and prevent you from sleep. Increased efficiency will certainly result, but it may also increase anxiety and stress.
*People with low immunity or pre-existing conditions, such as allergies and asthma, are more likely to suffer from anaphylactic shock. In such individuals, bed bug bite anaphylaxis may occur. To avoid the danger, urgent bed bug treatment is required.
*Bed bugs may transmit Chagas disease, according to research and laboratory tests. Despite the fact that such a distribution hasn’t been observed, the danger is always present.
*Bed bugs may also harbour more than 40 harmful diseases in their gastrointestinal systems. The possibility of these illnesses coming into touch with each other through open wounds is always there.
You might be more likely to develop a condition or have a negative response to a bed bug bite depending on your age and current health.
We know that certain groupings are more susceptible than others:
*Bug Bites – Young Children: Bed bug bites pose a significant danger to young children. Bug pest control is required for you if you have young children at home.
*Elderly people are particularly vulnerable because their immune systems weaken with age. They are already suffering from anxiety and sleep disorders. Apart from causing allergies and itching, bed bugs can exacerbate these conditions.
*Because of the increased exposure, bedridden patients are at greatest risk. In such individuals, the itching could easily cause skin inflammation.
*You should never treat a bed bug problem lightly, as it may quickly get out of hand. The earliest stages of the infestation are best for bug removal. Pesticides and heat treatment for bedbugs may both be utilized as killing methods.
*Pest Control, Inc. of Framing is a firm. Since 1972, it has provided effective solutions for removing bed bugs and their symptoms.
The best strategy to prevent an infestation is to be on the lookout for inspecting each and every item you bring into your home. Nearly everything you purchase, especially at garage sales and thrift shops, has to be included here.
Look for brown and black stains in the wrinkles and crevasses of furniture to know what you’re looking for. Place clothes, bedding, drapes, and other textiles in the dryer for at least 30 minutes with a dryer sheet before using them.
Before you make any purchases, take a look at the people you’re buying from. Assume that the items are infected and do not purchase or treat them until the item arrives at your home.
If they obtained little insect bites on them, just assume so and do not bring it inside.
Bed bugs were believed to have been or nearly exterminated almost 50 years ago. These little yet persistent blood suckers are making a comeback. The first step in prevention is to know they are back in force.
When attempting to eliminate or identify a bedbug infestation, here are some important facts to keep in mind:
*Between midnight and 5 a.m., the best feeding times are available. Any time is acceptable for hungry bedbugs, but they prefer the dark and avoid sunlight. It takes between 5 and 10 minutes for each feed. The bug will return to its hiding place after that.
*Every five to ten days, bedbugs will feed. They can, however, go without feeding for around 70 days. Bedbugs can live for months after being well-fed.
*They detect the presence of carbon dioxide on the breath and hunt for their host’s body heat.
*The mouth portion of a bedbug can pierce its host’s skin. The saliva contains an anesthetic and an anticoagulant, so the host feels nothing and the blood flows freely when it initially injects saliva.
It drains the blood until it is full before sucking it out. When the skin reaction occurs, the bites are not visible.
*It could take up to 14 days for a bite to show, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
*Only when an adult bedbug has fulfilled its duties can it produce offspring. A day, a female bedbug lays seven eggs, and throughout her life, she lays hundreds.
*Bedbugs seem to be more of a bother than a significant health problem, according to a review of bedbug study conducted in 2016. The bedbugs associated with humans and human illness have been linked via research, but there is no evidence of a link.
*Secondary bacterial infection is the greatest threat to humans. Scratching the skin would cause bedbugs to appear. If the skin is scratched, germs from the surface may penetrate deeper into the skin if it does not break.
*As a result, the human host, not the bedbug, is the source of any bacterial infection.
Humans can catch very serious illnesses from bed bugs. Bed bug bites are itchy, so they cause scratching and open wounds that let the bugs’ feces contaminate you.
Moreover, their excrement has been shown to increase histamine levels in the home by up to 20 times, which is a serious issue for individuals who suffer from allergies.
You may call us and we will send a skilled specialist for an examination if you are having bed bugs or you are unsure. You may also do a personal check by thoroughly inspecting every corner of your mattress, box spring, and frame.
The best strategy if you detect indications of the insects is to have them professionally exterminated before your home can be thoroughly cleaned.